The very first photograph was taken in 1826 by “scientifically minded gentleman” Joseph Nicéphore Niépce. This image was taken over a snappy 8 hour period and captured the outline of surrounding buildings and trees. This was a technical marvel of the time and a leap forward for photographic technology. Unfortunately, despite advances in photographic technology over 180 years, some photographs taken today are near indistinguishable from this blurry, poorly composed, and inadequately lit original.
Here then I present a top 9 list covering introductory principles of photography. Please note, all tips apply to smartphone photography, and will improve the photographs you take with any smartphone device!